MapTech has a long history of field/plot-scale research studies, ranging from rainfall simulator studies to assess the fate and transport of pollutants to assessment of pilot scale technologies.  MapTech personnel were among the first to use rainfall simulator studies to examine the impacts of both agricultural and mining activities on water quality.  MapTech and their personnel have assessed the fate and transport of agricultural chemicals, as well as the effectiveness of alternative practices for erosion control and manure management systems.  MapTech personnel have developed and tested innovative equipment for the land application of liquid manure in a corn silage cropping system, with the goal of minimizing surface water impacts.  MapTech is currently assessing the economic viability of composting agricultural and lumberyard waste in southwest Virginia, through a pilot scale project with the initial goal of alleviating the environmental impacts associated with an “ancient” sawdust pile.